Location and major sites (IVC)

The Indus Valley Civilization (IVC) was primarily located in the northwestern region of the Indian subcontinent, which includes present-day Pakistan and parts of northwest India. The civilization was spread along the Indus River and its major tributaries. Here are some of the major sites of the Indus Valley Civilization:

  1. Mohenjo-Daro: Mohenjo-Daro is one of the most famous and well-preserved archaeological sites of the IVC. It is located in the Sindh province of Pakistan. The city was built around 2500 BCE and was characterized by its well-planned streets, drainage system, and multi-story houses.

  2. Harappa: Harappa is another significant archaeological site of the IVC. It is situated in the Punjab region of Pakistan. Harappa and Mohenjo-Daro are considered the twin capitals of the civilization. Harappa also exhibited advanced urban planning and a complex society.

  3. Lothal: Lothal is an IVC site located in Gujarat, India. It is known for its dockyard, which suggests that Lothal had access to the sea and was involved in maritime trade.

  4. Kalibangan: Kalibangan is situated in Rajasthan, India. It is known for its unique fire altars and ploughed field patterns, providing insights into agricultural practices of the time.

  5. Dholavira: Dholavira is an archaeological site in Gujarat, India. It is known for its elaborate water management system, large reservoirs, and fortified citadel.

  6. Rakhigarhi: Rakhigarhi is one of the largest sites of the IVC and is located in Haryana, India. It is still under excavation, and ongoing research is shedding light on various aspects of the civilization.

These major sites of the Indus Valley Civilization provide valuable archaeological evidence of the advanced urban planning, culture, and society of this ancient civilization. They have been instrumental in helping historians and archaeologists understand the IVC’s significance and characteristics.

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